Vastu Mandala : What Does The Mandala Drawn During The Vastu Pooja Signify?

Vastu mandala also called the Vastu Purusha Mandala is the schematic or pictorial representation drawn at the time of Vastu pooja done during the house warming ceremony. ‘Mandala’ means the ‘symbol’ which has both spiritual and religious significance. However in common use Mandala is used in reference to any diagram, geometric pattern or chart that represents the universe or the cosmos, symbolically or metaphysically.

Now, the Vastu Mandala consists of Vastu Purusha and associated gods. Why does this Mandala contain Vastu Purusha? Who is Vastu Purusha? Why are their other gods present in the Mandala?

To get answers to these questions we need to listen to a story. This story is mentioned in one of the classical books on Vastu Shastra named ‘Mayamata’. Mayamata is a treatise on dwelling and has detailed instructions about building villages, towns, temples, houses, and mansions. The story mentioned in this book goes as follows.

The story of Vastu Mandala and Vastu Purusha

This is a story based on an incident which happened at a time when the creation of the universe was just beginning to take place. According to the story, Lord Brahma, the creator of this universe, was experimenting with his creations and one day he accidentally created a ‘cosmic being’ who looked like a man.

But soon to Lord Brahma’s surprise, this cosmic being started growing rapidly. His hunger became insatiable. As the times passed to satisfy his stomach, this cosmic being started destructing and eating anything and everything, that came into his contact.

Gradually he became so big that his shadow permanently caused an eclipse on the earth. This became a matter of great concern for the creator Lord Brahma, who then asked help from all the other gods and Ashta Dikpalakas. Ahta Dikpalakas are the celestial beings or the deities who are guarding the eight cardinal and sub cardinal directions.

With the help of these gods and Ashta Dikpalakas Lord Brahma was able to pin down the monster or the cosmic being to the earth. But the monster/cosmic being cried in pain and blamed Brahma for his state because it was Lord Brahma who created him and made him who he was.

That was when the Lord Brahma felt sorry for the cosmic being and gave him a blessing.

Lord Brahma gave him the boon of immortality and also told him that he will always be worshiped by the mortal beings who build any kind of structure on the earth. And named the cosmic man the “Vastu Purusha”.

Vastu Mandala Structure And The Contents

Vastu Mandala or the Vastu Purusha Mandala is an imaginary diagram of the Vastu Purusha in a similar manner he was pinned down to earth by Lord Brahma and other gods. It is an imaginary metaphysical square with Vastu Purusha’s head in the North East and his feet towards the South West. This square/rectangle also contains 81 smaller blocks or “Pada”. Each pada represents one deity. There are totally 45 gods. 32 in the external and 13 in the internal area.

According to Vastu Shastra, each construction that takes place on the earth should respect Vastu Purusha and the deities present in the mandala. Respecting means we have to construct each element and room in the house carefully so that it coincides with the basic nature of the deity. For example, kitchen in the fire corner, open space in the
Brahma Sthana etc. Please refer to the Vastu Mandala diagram for further details of deities and their location.

vastu mandala

Different Types of Vastu Mandala

1×1 Vastu Mandala

This type of vastu Mandala consists of only one square. It is a very basic mandala. This is called as “Sakala”. Mainly used for religious oblation.

2×2 Mandala

This one has 4 Padas(Squares). This is also called “Panchak”.

3×3 Vastu Mandala

This Mandala is also called as ‘Peetha’. This has 9 Padas.

4×4 Mandala

This is a Mandala with 16 Padas. This is called Maha Peetha.

5×5 Mandala

This is formed by 25 Padas with 10 perpendicular intersecting lines inside the Mandala. This is called Upa Peetha.

6×6 Mandala

Has 36 Padas formed by 12 perpendicular intersecting lines. This is called Ugra Peetha.

7×7 Mandala

49 Padas. Also called Sthandila.

8×8 Mandala

Also called Chandit. This is formed by 64 squares. This layout is specially used in royal tents(constructed in olden times during war), villages and towns.

9×9 Mandala

This is the most commonly used form of Vastu Purusha Mandala at the time of the construction of houses. This Mandala has 81 Padas. This Mandala is also called as Parama Shayik.

10×10 Mandala

This Vastu Purusha Mandala has 100 Padas. This is also called ‘Aasana’. This layout is specially used for the construction of temples and big buildings.

We will discuss the Vastu Purusha Mandala Deities and their significance in the next article.