Match Making in Vedic Astrology Through the System of Koota Agreement

Match making in Vedic astrology is a complex method of matching the horoscopes or the birth charts of the boy with that of the girl prior to the marriage to check for the compatibility between the two. The compatibility testing is done at various levels like mental, physical, spiritual, etc and the conclusion is mainly based on the planetary configurations present in both the birth charts.

After checking for longevity, chances of multiple marriages and the mental and physical health of both the individuals separately, if the results are convincing then the “Koota Agreement” or “Ashta Koota Test” is done.

All the tests done in Vedic Astrology are mainly based on the Sign and Nakshatra (Constellation) of the Natal Moon in the birth chart. Moon has been given an important place in Vedic Astrology as it is the significator for the mind. Matching of Moon Signs and Nakshatras is vital when doing matchmaking.

But the Ashta Koota Test is not limited to Moon Sign itself. Koota tests also extend to psychological, spiritual, physical and subconscious levels. Nadi factors in the Ashta Koota also aim at checking for genetic compatibility!

What is “Koota Agreement”?

Koota in simple terms means a group or collection of factors. There are eight factors which we take into consideration when it comes to match making in Vedic astrology. These eight elements that form the ‘Ashta Koota’ or the ‘group of eight’ are

  • Varna
  • Vashya
  • Tara
  • Yoni
  • Grahamitratwa
  • Gana
  • Bhakoota or Rasi Koota
  • Nadi

When the factors match in both the horoscopes each factor gets 1 point more than the previous one. Points are given as shown below.

When factors match

  • Varna – 1 point
  • Vashya – 2 points
  • Tara – 3 points
  • Yoni – 4 points
  • Grahamtira – 5 points
  • Gana – 6 points
  • Bhakoota – 7 points
  • Nadi – 8 points

All these points together sum up to 36 points. If the Koota Test of any pair into consideration yields 18 or more points it is said to pass the Test.

If interested you can also read this article about combinations for second marriage Vedic astrology

Varna Koota Test

Four Rasis/Signs are classified into 4 categories of Varnas as follows-

  • Brahman – Pisces, Scorpio, and Cancer
  • Kshatriya – Aries, Leo, and Sagittarius
  • Vaishya – Taurus, Virgo, and Capricorn
  • Shudra – Gemini, Aquarius, and Libra

According to this rule, the girl’s Varna should be equal to or lower than the boy’s Varna. For example, if the boy belongs to Aries he will come under the ‘Kshatriya’ Varna. So the girl can be from ‘Aries, Leo and Sagittarius’ which are in the Kshatriya Varna or she can also be from ‘Vaishya and Shudra’ Varnas which are lower to ‘Kshatriya’.
But if she belongs to the Brahman Varna which in this case will be higher than the boy’s Varna then this particular case will be a mismatch in ‘Varna test’ and will get no points to its credit.

But if the other factors are matching and if only the Varna is not matching then there is a way out. We can compare the planets which are the ruler of the sign occupied by the Moon in both the charts. If the Varna of the Planet which is the ruler of Moon’s Sign in the girl’s chart is lower or equal to that of the guy’s then the test is a success.

Varnas of the Planets

  • Sun-Kshatriya
  • Moon-Vaishya
  • Mars-Kshatriya
  • Mercury – Shudra
  • Jupiter – Brahmin
  • Venus- Brahmin
  • Saturn- Shudra

The score for Varna test is one point out of total 36 of Ashta Koota match making.

Vashya Koota Test for Match Making

Vashya symbolizes the harmony between the birth charts. If both the charts belong to the same group it is said to pass the test.

Vashya gets 2 points for passing the test. It is ‘zero’ if it fails.

The groups are as follows-

  • Leo and Scorpio – Aries
  • Cancer and Libra – Taurus
  • Virgo – Gemini
  • Scorpio and Sagittarius – Cancer
  • Libra -Leo
  • Gemini and Pisces – Virgo
  • Capricorn – Libra
  • Virgo and Cancer – Scorpio
  • Pisces – Sagittarius
  • Aquarius and Aries – Capricorn
  • Aries- Aquarius
  • Capricorn – Pisces

When both the boy and the girl belong to same Sign there is no Vashya and it is considered as ‘zero points’.

Dina (Tara) Test

Count the Nakshatras from that of the bride to that of the groom and divide it by 9. If the remainder is 2,4,6,8 or 0 then it is said to pass the test. If not then the test is a failure.

If the number of Nakshatras is less than 9 when counted from the bride to the groom then the number should be taken as it is.

Yoni Test

Based on the physical appetite of Nakshatras they are divided into 3 groups.

If both the Nakshatras of the bride and the groom belong to the same group it is awarded 4 points and is the best possible combination.

If they don’t belong to the same group but are not ruled by animals hostile to each other either then the result is an average one and is passable and 2-3 points are added to the “Tara/Dina test”.

But if the Nakshatras don’t belong to the same group and if the animals ruling the groups are hostile to each other then the result is a fail and “0” points are credited to “Dina/Tara” test.

The groups are as follows.

[table id=1 /]

Graha Mitratwa in Match Making Astrology

This test is done to check the relationship between the planets that rule the Moon-Signs of both the bride and the groom.

If both the planets are Naisargika Mitras or natural friends then the point given is 5.

If one planet is friendly and the other is neutral then it is 4 points.

If both are neutrals the point is 3.

If one is a friend and the other enemy, it is 2.

If one is neutral and the other is an enemy or if both are inimical it is 0.

match making


All the Nakshatras are divided into 3 groups which are named as Daivika (divine), Manushya (human) and Rakshasa (demonic).

The scoring system for Gana test is as follows.

  • If the boy is Daivika and the girl too belongs to Daivika group – 6 points.
  • If the boy is Manushya and girl too is Manushya – 6 points
  • If the boy is Rakshasa and the girl too is Rakshasa – 6 points
  • If the boy is Daivika and the girl is Manushya – 4 points
  • If the girl is Daivika and the boy is Manushya – 4 points
  • If the boy is Manushya and the girl is Rakshasa – 2 points
  • If the boy is Rakshasa and the girl is Manushya – 2 points
  • If the boy is Daivika and the girl is Rakshasa – 0 points
  • If the girl is Daivika and the boy is Rakshasa – 0 points

Nakshatras are divided into 3 groups or GANAS as follows-

[table id=2 /]

Rasi Koota or Bhoo Koota

This depends on the Moon Sign or the Janma Rasi or the Sign where the Moon is placed. Scoring is given depending on the mutual disposition Moon in both the charts as follows.

  • If the Janma Rasi or the Moon Sign of the boy is the 2nd from that of the girl’s it gives fatal results. (If boy’s Sign is the 2nd from that of the girl’s and if it is an even Sign then it is considered to be good)
  • If the girl’s Rashi is the 2nd from the boy’s it prolongs life.
  • If the boy’s birth Sign is the 3rd from the girl’s it brings misery.
  • If the girl’s Moon Sign(Birth Rasi) is the 3rd from the guy’s it brings in happiness.
  • If the boy’s Rasi is the 4th from the girl’s it indicates poverty.
  • If the boy’s Janma Rasi is the 5th from the girl’s it shows widowhood.
  • If the boy’s Moon Sign is the 6th from the girl’s it indicates loss of progeny except under the following combinations.
  • If the boy’s and the girl’s Sign are diametrically opposite to each other it indicates a long and happy married life.

[table id=3 /]

The total score given to the Rasi Koota or Bhoo Koota test is 7.

Nadi Test

Nadi Koota test is especially aimed at checking the health of the couple as well as their future progeny.

The total points given to Nadi Koota are 8 points. If the boy’s Nadi is different than that of the girl’s Nadi test gets total of 8 points. But if both the boy’s and the girl’s Nadi’s are the same it gets ‘0’ points. In such cases, if the marriage is carried out the resulting progeny might be abnormal or have some kind of health issues.

There are 3 groups of Nadis (3 Humours) as follows.

[table id=4 /]

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