The ability of planets in the birth chart to give results are said to be dependent upon some unique Avasthas or states of being of planets. Avasthas simply mean the state in which the Planet is in at a certain point in time.
Avasthas of planets can be divided into several important categories. Sage Parashara in his ancient classic Parashara Hora Shastra has divided Avasthas of planets in following categories.
I. Baladi-Avasthas or Physical States
Planets belong to one of the five avasthas depending upon which one-fifth portion of a sign they occupy. (A whole sign or Rashi comprises of 30 degrees)
These five avasthas are called as:
1. Balavastha or state of childhood: 0 ° to 6 ° in an odd sign and 24 ° to 30 ° in an even sign.
2. Kumaravastha or state of boyhood: 6 ° to 12 ° in an odd sign and 18° to 24 ° in an even sign.
3. Yuvavastha or state of adulthood: 12 ° to 18 ° in odd as well as even signs.
4. Vridhavastha or state of old age: 18 ° to 24 ° in odd signs and 6 ° to 12 ° in even signs.
5. Mritavastha or state of death: 24 ° to 30 ° in an odd sign and 0 ° to 6° in an even sign.
A planet in its Balavastha fulfills only one-quarter of its promise which means that it is only able to give 25% of its result.
Planet in Kumaravastha provides for one-half of its promised result which means it is capable of giving 50% of the desired result depending on its positioning in the birth chart.
Planet in Yuvavastha produces full results or gives 100% results
A planet if in Vridhavastha produces a very little result or negligible result. and the one in Mritavastha(dead planet) is incapable of any useful function or gives no result whatsoever, or may produce only adverse results.
According to the Phaladeepika ( another classic text about astrology from the ancient times), a planet in Balavastha indicates progressive benefits, in Kumaravastha comforts, in Yuvavastha royalty and in Vridhavastha death and the like. The one in Mritavastha is dead and nonfunctional.
II. Jagradadi-Avasthas or States of Consciousness
Depending upon the level of consciousness of a planet, it may fall into the following states.
1. Jagrad Avastha or state of wakefulness: This happens when a planet is exalted or located in its own house. A planet in Jagradavastha is capable of yielding full results.
2. Swapnavastha or dreamful state: This happens when a planet is located in the house of a friend or a neutral. A planet in such a state produces medium results.
3. Sushupti-Avastha or state of sleep: When a planet is either debilitated or in the house of an enemy. Such a planet is incapable of any function.
( The ancient texts in Jataka Parijata mention that the above three conditions are based on the location of various planets in the Navamsha chart and not in the Rashi chart)
III. Deeptadi-Avasthas or Physical-Mental States (Attitude and Mood)
We have 9 states of planets that are related to attitude and mood.
1. Deepta or luminous:
A planet in exaltation or its Moolatrikona. Such a planet in its Dasha period can give high status, courage, valor, wealth, vehicles, royal favors, and material comforts.
2.Swastha or stable Avastha:
A planet in its own Rasi is said to be in “Swastha” avastha. Such a planet can bless one with good health, education, fame, lands, wife, favors from the ruler and inclination toward religious pursuits.
3. Mudita or delighted:
Located in the house of an Adhi-Mitra(great friend) or a bosom friend. Such a planet can bestow one with money, clothes, perfumes, religious pursuits, vehicles, ornaments, etc.
4.Shaanta(peaceful) or quiescent:
A planet in a friend’s Rasi is said to be in “Shaanta” avastha (peaceful). It may give favors from the King( government in today’s world), excessive wealth, comforts, lands, interest to study the scriptures, pleasures from meditation etc.
5. Deena or deficient:
A planet in a neutral planet’s Rashi is said to be in “Deena” avastha (sad, depressed). It may give a change of workplace or residence, opposition to one’s near and dear ones, humiliation, sickness, etc.
6.Dukhi or tormented:
A planet in an enemy’s Rashi is said to be in “Duhkhita” avastha (distressed, miserable). Such a planet during its Dasha gives displacement and foreign journey, separation from near ones, fear of a thief, fir, and the king.
7. Vikala or grief-stricken:
A planet joined by malefic planets is said to be in “Vikala” avastha (crippled, confused). mental torment, death or separation from friends, troubles at the hands of wife, children, and thieves.
8. Khala or wicked:
A planet in a malefic planet’s Rashi is said to be in “Khala” avastha (mischievous, scheming). It leads to quarrels, separation from father, loss of lands and wealth, humiliation at the hands of one’s own people.
9. Kruddha (kopa) or angered:
A planet joined closely by Sun is said to be in “Kopita” avastha (angry)(and combust!). This leads to an inclination to perform sinful deeds, loss of money, wife, and children, and eye disease.
There are few more classifications based on Attitude and mood of planets which are called ‘Lajjitadi Avasthas’.
IV. Lajjitadi-Avasthas or the Mental States
A planet in the 5th house joined by either of Sun, Mars, Saturn, Rahu, and Ketu is said to be in “Lajjita” avastha (ashamed). Such a planet can cause irreligious inclinations, loss of discrimination, illness to the child, aimless wandering, quarrelsome nature, etc.
A planet in its exaltation Rashi or Moolatrikona Rashi is said to be in “Garvita” avastha (proud). In the Dasha of a planet in Garvita-avastha, one gains royal status, new house, learning, wealth, a rise in business and varied comforts.
A planet is in an enemy’s Rashi or conjoined by enemies or aspected by enemies or conjoined by Saturn, it is said to be in “Kshudhita” avastha (hungry). In its Dasha, a planet in Kshudhita-avastha leads to sorrow, mental torment, trouble from enemies, monetary loss, distorted reasoning and loss of all energy.
A planet stationed in a watery rasi and aspected by enemies without the aspect of benefics is said to be in “Trishita” avastha (thirsty).In its Dasha, one suffers illness from association with women, inclination towards wicked deeds, loss of wealth, weakness, and humiliation.
(5) Mudita Avastha:
A planet in a friend’s sign, conjoined or aspected by friends and conjoined by Jupiter, is said to be in “Mudita” avastha (delighted). The Dasha of a planet in Mudita-avastha ensures beautiful garments, ornaments, large and spacious house to live in, pleasures from women, lands, residence in royal mansions, the annihilation of foes, and progress in studies and learning.
(6) Kshobitha Avastha:
A planet conjoined by Sun (combust!) and aspected by malefics or enemies is said to be in “Kshobhita” avastha (shaken, agitated). Its dasha causes penury, distorted logic, varied torments, loss of wealth, the disease of the foot, and loss of wealth through royal disfavor.
It is said that Planets in Kshudhita and Kshobhita avasthas ruin the houses they occupy.
V. Shayanadi-Avasthas or States Related to Activity
There are 12 possible states of a planet related to its activity. This state is the most important of all states.
1. Shayana or ‘recumbent’.
2. Upavesha or ‘sitting’.
3. Netrapani or ‘hands on eyes’.
4. Prakashana or ‘luminous’.
5. Gamanechchha or ‘eager to go’.
6. Gamana or ‘departing’.
7. Sabhayam Vasti or ‘being in an assembly’.
8. Agama or ‘arriving’.
9. Bhojana or ‘eating’.
10. Nrityalipsa or ‘desire to dance’.
11. Kautuka or ‘delight’.
12. Nidra or ‘sleep’.
(Determining these states involves some complex Mathematical calculations)
Results of planets in different Avasthas.
Results in Sayana avastha:
Sun: Digestive troubles, diseases, stout legs, bile, piles, heart troubles
Moon: Honorable, sluggish, lustful, spoils finances.
Mars: Troubled, wounded, ulcers, itches.
Mercury: Addicted to pleasures, licentious, wicked, always hungry; [in lagna] lame, eyes like a bee.
Jupiter: Strong, but weak voice, tawny complexion, prominent cheeks, afraid of enemies.
Venus: Strong, troubles of teeth, short-tempered, poor, licentious.
Saturn: Hungry, thirst, diseases in childhood, wealthy later.
Rahu: Many miseries; [in Ar, Ta, Ge, Vi] wealth.
Ketu: Many diseases; [in Ar, Ta, Ge, Vi] wealth.
Results in Upavesana avastha:
Sun: Poor, fond of quarrels, hard-hearted, loses money.
Moon: diseases, unintelligent, poor, merciless, do misdeeds, steal money.
Mars: Strong, sinful, liar, eminent, wealthy.
Mercury: [in lagna] good character; [conjoined/aspected by malefics] poor; [conjoined/aspected by benefics] wealthy and happy.
Jupiter: Talkative, troubled by enemies and kings, ulcers on feet, hands, feet.
Venus: Endowed with gems and gold, destroys enemies, honored by kings, happy.
Saturn: Self-respect, punished by kings, troubles by enemies, face dangers, ulcers.
Rahu: Distressed due to ulcers, royal association, honorable, but financial troubles.
Ketu: Distressed due to ulcers, troubles from enemies, snakes, and thieves, windy (Vata-related) diseases.
Results in Netrapaani avastha:
Sun: Ever happy, wise, helps others, strong, wealthy, pleasures, favorite of kings.
Moon: Great diseases, garrulous, wicked, always bad actions.
Mars: [in lagna] penury; [elsewhere] ruler of a town.
Mercury: Honorable, no wisdom, no learning, no well-wishers; [in 5th] no happiness from wife and children, many daughters, gains money from royal patronage.
Jupiter: Devoid of health and wealth, libidinous, likes entertainment, tawny complexion, moves with people of a different class.
Venus: [in Lagna, 7th or 10th] troubles to eyes and loss of wealth; [else] large house.
Saturn: Charming wife, learned in arts, royal favors, friends, intelligent, good speaker.
Rahu: Eyes troubles, financial losses, troubles from wicked men, snakes, and thieves.
Ketu: Eyes troubles, troubles from wicked men, snakes, thieves, and rulers.
Results in Prakaasana avastha:
Sun: Charitable, wealthy, good orator in assemblies, strong, good-looking.
Moon: Famous in world, virtuous, royal patronage, royal insignia, wealth, luxuries, regular visits to shrines, many ornaments.
Mars: Virtuous and honored by kings; [in 5th] loss of children; [in 5th with Rahu] faces a severe fall.
Mercury: Charitable, kind, good deeds, a scholar of many subjects, wise and destroyer of groups of wicked men.
Jupiter: Virtuous, pure happiness and comfort, splendorous, visit to holy places of Krishna; [if exalted] excellent fame in the whole world, very opulent.
Venus: [exalted or in own/friendly rasi] has a conduct similar to a mighty elephant; equal to a king, interested in poetry, arts, and music.
Saturn: Virtuous, intelligent, opulent, likes entertainment, kind, devotee of Shiva.
Rahu: Prosperous in foreign places, virtuous, wealthy, high position, good deeds, a chief in king’s court, charming.
Ketu: Wealthy, righteous, lives abroad, enthusiastic, genuine, an opportunity to serve the king.
Results in Gamana avastha:
Sun: Lives in foreign lands, unhappy, lazy, unwise, poor, disturbed by fears, angry.
Moon: [if waning] sinful, cruel, eye troubles; [if waxing] troubled by fear.
Mars: Wanderer, boils, itches, quarrels with women, many wounds and ulcers.
Mercury: Visits the courts of kings frequently, wealthy.
Jupiter: Brave, many friends, scholar, wealthy.
Venus: Mother doesn’t live long, separated from own people, fear of enemies.
Saturn: Rich, good sons, a scholar at a king’s court, grabs other people’s land.
Rahu: Many children, scholarly, wealthy, charitable and honored by a king.
Ketu: Many children, scholarly, wealthy, charitable, virtuous, great man.
Results in Aagamana avastha:
Sun: Affairs with the wives of others, deserted by people, likes travels, cheat, dirty.
Moon: Honorable, diseases of feet, secret sins, poor, unintelligent, sad.
Mars: Good character, endowed with gems, has weapons, destroyer of enemies.
Mercury: Visits the courts of kings frequently, wealthy.
Jupiter: Servants, excellent women and wealth always adore his abode.
Venus: Wealthy, visits holy shrines, enthusiastic, diseases of the hands and feet.
Saturn: Separated from family, foolish, wanderer, miserable.
Rahu: Irritable, unintelligent, poor, wicked, miserly, libidinous.
Ketu: Diseases, loss of wealth, tale-bearer, hurts others.
Results in Sabhaa avastha:
Sun : Helps others, possesses wealth, gems and lands, virtuous, very strong, affectionate and kind.
Moon: Eminent, honored by kings, sexual pleasures, good character.
Mars: A scholar in a king’s court, wealthy, honorable, charitable; [if exalted] skilled at wars, successful, upholds dharma; [in trines] unlearned; [in 12th] devoid of happiness from wife and children.
Mercury: [if exalted] highly wealthy and good deeds; wealthy, king or a minister, devotion to Vishnu and Shiva, saattwik, Moksha.
Jupiter: Excellent speech, superior gems and wealth, royal insignia, supremely learned.
Venus: Eminent in a king’s court, virtuous, destroyer of enemies, wealthy and charitable.
Saturn: Displays excellent judicial knowledge in assemblies, excellent wealth and gems, exceedingly brilliant.
Rahu: Scholarly, miserly, many virtues, wealthy, happy.
Ketu: Garrulous, proud, miserly, licentious, skillful in evil subjects.
Results in Aagama avastha:
Sun: Troubled by enemies, fickle-minded, cheat, emaciated, doesn’t follow good dharma and karma, wanton.
Moon: [if waxing] Garrulous, virtuous; [if waning] two wives, sick, cheat, wicked.
Mars: Bad character and deeds, ear troubles, timid, friendly with evil-minded people.
Mercury: Serves mean people and makes money, two sons, one daughter who brings good name.
Jupiter: Many conveyances, comforts, honors, servants, happiness from progeny, knowledge, friends, learning and noble path.
Venus: No wealth, troubles from enemies, separation from children, diseases, unhappiness from the spouse.
Saturn: Diseases, not skillful, no royal patronage.
Rahu: Financial losses, fear of enemies and litigation, depressed, separated from own people, emaciated, manipulative.
Ketu: Notorious, sinful, litigation with own men, diseases, enemies
Results in Bhojana avastha:
Sun: Pains in joints, loss of wealth over the opposite sex, loss of strength, lies, headaches, spreading lies, bad path.
Moon: [if waxing] Social status, honor, conveyances, wife, and daughters, servants; [if waning] these results will be hard to get.
Mars: [if strong] sweet food; [if weak] means acts, dishonorable.
Mercury: Financial losses in litigations, the wrath of kings, no marital happiness.
Jupiter: Excellent food, wealth, royal insignia.
Venus: [debilitated] wealthy, respected by scholars; [else] Distressed due to hunger, diseases, fear of enemies.
Saturn: Weak-sighted, delusion, enjoys tasty food.
Rahu: No happiness from wife and children, bereft of good food, timid.
Ketu: Hungry, sick, wanderer, poor.
Results in Nrityalipsaa avastha:
Sun: Learned, scholar, good at discussing poetry, revered by kings.
Moon: [if waxing] strong, knowledge of poetry and music, a connoisseur of arts; [if waning] sinful.
Mars: Wealthy though royal connections, has gold, diamonds, and corals.
Mercury: Honor, conveyances, gems, valorous, friends, progeny, learned in assemblies; [in a malefic rasi] licentious, goes to prostitutes.
Jupiter: Honored by kings, wealthy, learned in dharma Shastra and tantra, revered by powerful men, respected by learned men, a scholar and faultless in grammar and etymology.
Venus: Skillful in literature, arts, music, meritorious and opulent.
Saturn: Righteous, opulent, honored by kings, brave and heroic at wars.
Rahu: Great disease, eye problems, fear of enemies, financial losses.
Ketu: Diseases, eye troubles, wicked, sinful.
Results in Kautuka avastha:
Sun: Happy, learned, performs yajnas (rites), stays at a king’s palace, good at discussing poetry, good-looking.
Moon: King, wealthy, skillful in sexual acts.
Mars: Curious, friends and children; [if exalted] honored by the king and virtuous
Mercury: [in lagna] skillful in music; [in 7th or 8th] addicted to courtesans; [in 9th] good deeds and character, goes to heaven.
Jupiter: Curious, very kind, happy, honored, sons, famous.
Venus: Opulent, learned, famous and respected in assemblies.
Saturn: Endowed with lands, wealthy, happy, pleasures from charming ladies, learned in poetry and arts.
Rahu: Wanderer, after other men’s wives, steals other men’s wealth.
Ketu: Goes after courtesans, losses in the profession, sinful, wanderer.
Results in Nidraa avastha:
Sun: Drowsy, lives abroad, troubles to wife.
Moon: [if with Jupiter] eminent; [without Jupiter] loses wealth on females, troubles.
Mars: Angry, unintelligent, poor, wicked, fallen from the virtuous path, sick.
Mercury: Uncomfortable sleep, troubles of neck, miseries, litigation with own men, loses wealth.
Jupiter: Poor, unintelligent, foolish, no righteous acts.
Venus: Serves others, criticizes others, garrulous, wanderer.
Saturn: Rich, charming, good character, brave, destroys all enemies, skillful in dealing with women.
Rahu: Virtuous, good wife and children, happy, proud, bold, wealthy.
Ketu: Virtuous, endowed with wealth and agricultural products, whiles away time with entertainment.
- If a benefic planet is in Sayana avastha, the house benefits from his presence.
- If a malefic is in Nidraa avastha in the 7th house without the conjunction or aspect of another malefic, it is auspicious.
- If a malefic is in Bhojana avastha, the house containing it is destroyed.
- If a malefic is in the 5th house in Sayana or Nidraa avastha, it is auspicious.
- If a malefic is in the 8th house in Sayana or Nidraa avastha, it brings death by royal wrath.
- If a malefic occupies the 10th house in Bhojana or Sayana avastha, all kinds of miseries may be expected.
- If a benefic planet or a planet in own or exaltation rasi occupies in the 1st, 5th, the 7th or 10th house in Prakasana, Nrityalipsaa or Kautuka avasthas, it brings Raja Yoga.
(Parasara specifically mentioned Moon in the 10th house in Kautuka or Prakaasana avasthas.)